Your Cart

Your Cart is Empty

Is Your Canvas Bell Tent Flame Resistant? CPAI-84 Explained
Previous  / Next

April 14, 2021 2 min read

Many people overlook the flame resistance of their bell tent while they search for the perfect outdoor shelter.  However, this topic is has gained a bit more awareness due to the unfortunate devastation that forest fires have caused over the last several years.  Canvas tent suppliers with that meet CPAI-84 fire retardancy standards will have documentation on-hand that shows compliance. We suggest making a confirming that your tent meets these standards if you plan on using an internal wood burning stove or will be camped out next to an open flame.

CPAI-84 is a testing method used specifically for confirming the flame resistance of fabric used in manufacturing camping tents.  Suppliers must submit the various tent materials (ceiling, walls, and floor) to a third-party organization licensed to perform the required CPAI-84 flame retardancy testing.  Suppliers of the tent materials that meet these standards are then awarded an official laboratory approved certificate that can be shared with their customers.

Life inTents CPAI-84 Compliant BELL Tent

Life inTents CPAI-84 Compliant BELL Tent

HISTORY OF THE TEST

In 1976, the CPAI (Canvas Products Association International), now known as the International Fabrics Association International, set the flammability standards for camping tents as means to help protect consumers by limiting accidents caused by flames near the vicinity of camping tents. The test does not declare that the material if fire proof if exposed to a continuous flame.  Rather the CPAI-84 test confirms fire resistance after the material is exposed to a flame.

While not Federally mandated, several states in the U.S. have enacted their own laws that require camping tents sold and used within them have pass the CPAI-84 flammability standard.  These states include California, New York, New Jersey, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, and Minnesota.  Fire Marshalls in other states also require CPAI-84 validation if camping tents are used in and around public and private buildings. 

THE TESTING PROCESS

A laboratory will perform flammability tests on tent material that is in following three conditions:

  1. In its original state (new)

  2. Weathered

  3. After leaching

The specimens then have a flame applied to them for 4 seconds.  The damage length from the flame is then measured.  In order to pass the test, the damaged length of the material must not exceed 255 mm. 

Here is a link to learn more information about the details of the CPAI-84 standards.

If flame retardancy is a need for you, then make sure that the manufacturing company is able to provide you with their CPAI-84 documentation.


Blue Stout
Blue Stout

Leave a comment

Comments will be approved before showing up.


Related Resources


Mobile Glamping business tents with table decorations

THE LIT LIST January 12, 2022 8 min read

Start A Mobile Glamping Business in 2022
Glamping event companies and backyard glamping businesses started popping up around 2015 in the Wes
Today the demand for mobile glamping businesses is outpacing supply – making this a great small business opportunity in your community.  We want to help you to evaluate if now is the time for you to start a glamping rental business of your own.
Cleaning a bell tent

THE LIT LIST January 09, 2022 6 min read

How to Maintain and Clean a Bell Tent
Canvas tents can last for a lifetime if properly cared for.  But just like maintaining a healthy
Canvas tents can last for a lifetime if properly cared for. Here are some tips that can help you clean and care for your bell tent to help give you a generation of use out of your bell tent.